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Beaglebone Black specific instructions

stockholm
Bob Mottram 4 years ago
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#+TITLE:
#+AUTHOR: Bob Mottram
#+EMAIL: bob@freedombone.net
#+KEYWORDS: freedombone, beaglebone
#+DESCRIPTION: How to install Freedombone onto a Beaglebone Black
#+OPTIONS: ^:nil toc:nil
#+HTML_HEAD: <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="freedombone.css" />
#+BEGIN_CENTER
[[file:images/logo.png]]
#+END_CENTER
#+BEGIN_EXPORT html
<center>
<h1>How to install Freedombone onto a Beaglebone Black</h1>
</center>
#+END_EXPORT
The Beaglebone Black is small, cheap, a fully open hardware design, has a hardware random number generator and consumes very little electrical power, making it suitable for all kinds of uses.
#+BEGIN_CENTER
[[file:images/bbb_above.jpg]]
#+END_CENTER
You will need:
* A Beaglebone Black. The exact revision of the hardware isn't very important, but it should have an ethernet socket.
* Optionally a plastic or metal case to protect the electronics.
* An ethernet cable. Typically these are colour coded either blue or yellow. Either colour will do.
* Either a 5v power supply with a plug which fits the Beaglebone or a USB cable and USB to mains adaptor.
* A microSD card at least 8 gigabytes in size. In tests Sandisk class 10 works well. Prefer smaller but faster I/O rating to larger but slower.
* A microSD card adaptor for your laptop or desktop system, so that you can copy the disk image to the card.
On your laptop or desktop prepare a microSD card image as follows. To create an image on a Debian based system:
#+begin_src bash
sudo apt-get install git
git clone https://github.com/bashrc/freedombone
cd freedombone
git checkout stockholm
sudo make install
freedombone-image --setup debian
#+end_src
Or on Arch/Parabola:
#+begin_src bash
sudo pacman -S git
git clone https://github.com/bashrc/freedombone
cd freedombone
git checkout stockholm
sudo make install
freedombone-image --setup parabola
#+end_src
If you own a domain name and want to make a system accessible via an ordinary browser then run:
#+begin_src
freedombone-image -t beaglebone
#+end_src
Or of you want a system where the services are only accessible via onion addresses.
#+begin_src
freedombone-image -t beaglebone --onion yes
#+end_src
Onion addresses have the advantage of being difficult to censor and you don't need to buy a domain or have a dynamic DNS account. An onion based system also means you don't need to think about NAT traversal type issues.
Connect the power and ethernet cable and plug it into your internet router.
#+BEGIN_CENTER
[[file:images/bbb_back.jpg]]
#+END_CENTER
Now follow the [[./homeserver.html][instructions given here to copy the image to the microSD drive]] beginning with running the /freedombone-client/ command. Wherever it says "USB drive" substitute "microSD drive". When the microSD drive is ready plug it into the front of the Beaglebone.
#+BEGIN_CENTER
[[file:images/bbb_front.jpg]]
#+END_CENTER
Now power cycle by removing the power plug and then inserting it again. It should boot from the microSD drive and you should see the blue LEDs on the board flashing. If they don't fash at all for a few minutes then try copying the image to the microSD card again.
Follow the rest of the [[./homeserver.html][instructions given here]] to log in via ssh and install the system. The microSD drive /should remain inside the Beaglebone/ and not be removed. This will be its main drive, with the internal EMMC not being used at all.
There are many apps available within the Freedombone system and trying to install them all is probably not a good idea, since this hardware is very resource constrained on CPU and especially on RAM. If the system seems to be becoming unstable and crashing then the most likely cause is running out of RAM, in which case you can try uninstalling some apps. It is possible to monitor RAM usage by logging in with ssh, exiting to the command line and then running the /top/ command.

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@ -20,6 +20,8 @@ So you want to run your own internet services? Email, chat, VoIP, web sites, fil
[[./homeserver.html][Here's how]].
And here's how [[./beaglebone.html][on a Beaglebone Black]].
Want to make a community mesh network which doesn't depend upon the internet?
[[./mesh.html][You can do that too]].

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<body>
<div id="preamble" class="status">
<a name="top" id="top"></a>
</div>
<div id="content">
<div class="org-center">
<div class="figure">
<p><img src="images/logo.png" alt="logo.png" />
</p>
</div>
</div>
<center>
<h1>How to install Freedombone onto a Beaglebone Black</h1>
</center>
<p>
The Beaglebone Black is small, cheap, a fully open hardware design, has a hardware random number generator and consumes very little electrical power, making it suitable for all kinds of uses.
</p>
<div class="org-center">
<div class="figure">
<p><img src="images/bbb_above.jpg" alt="bbb_above.jpg" />
</p>
</div>
</div>
<p>
You will need:
</p>
<ul class="org-ul">
<li>A Beaglebone Black. The exact revision of the hardware isn't very important, but it should have an ethernet socket.</li>
<li>Optionally a plastic or metal case to protect the electronics.</li>
<li>An ethernet cable. Typically these are colour coded either blue or yellow. Either colour will do.</li>
<li>Either a 5v power supply with a plug which fits the Beaglebone or a USB cable and USB to mains adaptor.</li>
<li>A microSD card at least 8 gigabytes in size. In tests Sandisk class 10 works well. Prefer smaller but faster I/O rating to larger but slower.</li>
<li>A microSD card adaptor for your laptop or desktop system, so that you can copy the disk image to the card.</li>
</ul>
<p>
On your laptop or desktop prepare a microSD card image as follows. To create an image on a Debian based system:
</p>
<div class="org-src-container">
<pre class="src src-bash">sudo apt-get install git
git clone https://github.com/bashrc/freedombone
<span class="org-builtin">cd</span> freedombone
git checkout stockholm
sudo make install
freedombone-image --setup debian
</pre>
</div>
<p>
Or on Arch/Parabola:
</p>
<div class="org-src-container">
<pre class="src src-bash">sudo pacman -S git
git clone https://github.com/bashrc/freedombone
<span class="org-builtin">cd</span> freedombone
git checkout stockholm
sudo make install
freedombone-image --setup parabola
</pre>
</div>
<p>
If you own a domain name and want to make a system accessible via an ordinary browser then run:
</p>
<pre class="example">
freedombone-image -t beaglebone
</pre>
<p>
Or of you want a system where the services are only accessible via onion addresses.
</p>
<pre class="example">
freedombone-image -t beaglebone --onion yes
</pre>
<p>
Onion addresses have the advantage of being difficult to censor and you don't need to buy a domain or have a dynamic DNS account. An onion based system also means you don't need to think about NAT traversal type issues.
</p>
<p>
Connect the power and ethernet cable and plug it into your internet router.
</p>
<div class="org-center">
<div class="figure">
<p><img src="images/bbb_back.jpg" alt="bbb_back.jpg" />
</p>
</div>
</div>
<p>
Now follow the <a href="./homeserver.html">instructions given here to copy the image to the microSD drive</a> beginning with running the <i>freedombone-client</i> command. Wherever it says "USB drive" substitute "microSD drive". When the microSD drive is ready plug it into the front of the Beaglebone.
</p>
<div class="org-center">
<div class="figure">
<p><img src="images/bbb_front.jpg" alt="bbb_front.jpg" />
</p>
</div>
</div>
<p>
Now power cycle by removing the power plug and then inserting it again. It should boot from the microSD drive and you should see the blue LEDs on the board flashing. If they don't fash at all for a few minutes then try copying the image to the microSD card again.
</p>
<p>
Follow the rest of the <a href="./homeserver.html">instructions given here</a> to log in via ssh and install the system. The microSD drive <i>should remain inside the Beaglebone</i> and not be removed. This will be its main drive, with the internal EMMC not being used at all.
</p>
<p>
There are many apps available within the Freedombone system and trying to install them all is probably not a good idea, since this hardware is very resource constrained on CPU and especially on RAM. If the system seems to be becoming unstable and crashing then the most likely cause is running out of RAM, in which case you can try uninstalling some apps. It is possible to monitor RAM usage by logging in with ssh, exiting to the command line and then running the <i>top</i> command.
</p>
</div>
<div id="postamble" class="status">
<style type="text/css">
.back-to-top {
position: fixed;
bottom: 2em;
right: 0px;
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<div class="back-to-top">
<a href="#top">Back to top</a> | <a href="mailto:bob@freedombone.net">E-mail me</a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

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"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<!-- 2016-11-11 Fri 22:23 -->
<!-- 2016-11-23 Wed 22:22 -->
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
<title></title>
@ -261,6 +261,10 @@ So you want to run your own internet services? Email, chat, VoIP, web sites, fil
<a href="./homeserver.html">Here's how</a>.
</p>
<p>
And here's how <a href="./beaglebone.html">on a Beaglebone Black</a>.
</p>
<p>
Want to make a community mesh network which doesn't depend upon the internet?
</p>

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