<h2id="org46b36f4">I don't have a static IP address. Can I still install this system?</h2>
Yes. The minimum requirements are to have some hardware that you can install Debian onto and also that you have administrator access to your internet router so that you can forward ports to the system which has Freedombone installed.
@ -403,17 +410,17 @@ The lack of a static IP address can be worked around by using a dynamic DNS serv
<h2id="org825fabe">Why Freedombone and not FreedomBox?</h2>
When the project began in late 2013 the FreedomBox project seemed to be going nowhere, and was only designed to work with the DreamPlug hardware. There was some new hardware out - the Beaglebone Black - which could run Debian and was also a free hardware design so seemed more appropriate. Hence the name "Freedombone", being like FreedomBox but on a Beaglebone. There are some similarities and differences between the two projects:
<h2id="org9a96e31">Why not support building images for Raspberry Pi?</h2>
The FreedomBox project supports Raspberry Pi builds, and the image build system for Freedombone is based on the same system. However, although the Raspberry Pi can run a version of Debian it requires a closed proprietary blob in order to boot the hardware. Who knows what that blob might contain or what exploits it could facilitate. From an adversarial point of view if you were trying to deliver "bulk equipment interference" then it doesn't get any better than piggybacking on something which has control of the boot process, and hence all subsequently run processes.
@ -456,9 +463,9 @@ So although the Raspberry Pi is cheap and hugely popular it's not supported by t
<h2id="orgd377688">Why use Tor? I've heard it's used by bad people</h2>
Before you run screaming for the hills based upon whatever scare story you may have just read in the mainstream media there are a few things worthy of consideration. Tor is installed by default on Freedombone, <i>but not as a relay or exit node</i>. It's only used to provide onion addresses so that this gives you or the viewers of your sites some choice about how they access the information. It also allows you to subscribe to and read RSS feeds privately.
@ -476,9 +483,9 @@ The media may also have sold you torrid tales about individual Tor project devel
<h2id="org09e273d">How is Tor integrated with Freedombone?</h2>
Within this project Tor is used more to provide <i>accessibility</i> than the <i>anonymity</i> factor for which Tor is better known. The onion address system provides a way of being able to access sites even if you don't own a conventional domain name or don't have administrator access to your local internet router to be able to do port forwarding.
@ -496,17 +503,17 @@ Even if you're running the "onion only" build, this only means that sites are ac
<h2id="org25a04e3">Can I add a clearnet domain to an onion build?</h2>
You could if you manually edited the relevant nginx configuration files and installed some dynamic DNS system yourself. If you already have sysadmin knowledge then that's probably not too hard. But the builds created with the <b>onion-addresses-only</b> option aren't really intended to support access via clearnet domains.
Github is paradoxically a centralized, closed and proprietary system which happens to mostly host free and open source projects. Up until now it has been relatively benign, but at some point in the name of "growth" it will likely start becoming more evil, or just become like SourceForge - which was also once much loved by FOSS developers, but turned into a den of malvertizing.
@ -524,9 +531,9 @@ Currently many of the repositories used for applications which are not yet packa
<h2id="orgb65bdcc">Why can't I access my .onion site with a Tor browser?</h2>
Probably you need to add the site to the NoScript whitelist. Typically click/press on the noscript icon (or select from the menu on mobile) then select <i>whitelist</i> and add the site URL. You may also need to disable HTTPS Everywhere when using onion addresses, which don't use https.
@ -596,9 +603,9 @@ Another factor to be aware of is that it can take a while for the onion address
<h2id="orgcb6077d">What is the best hardware to run this system on?</h2>
It was originally designed to run on the Beaglebone Black, but that should be regarded as the most minimal system, because it's single core and has by today's standards a small amount of memory. Obviously the more powerful the hardware is the faster things like web pages (blog, social networking, etc) will be served but the more electricity such a system will require if you're running it 24/7. A good compromise between performance and energy consumption is something like an old netbook. The battery of an old netbook or laptop even gives you <ahref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uninterruptible_power_supply">UPS capability</a> to keep the system going during brief power outages or cable re-arrangements, and that means using full disk encryption on the server also becomes more practical.
@ -608,16 +615,16 @@ It was originally designed to run on the Beaglebone Black, but that should be re
<h2id="orgf369b20">Can I add more users to the system?</h2>
Yes. Freedombone can support a small number of users, for a "<i>friends and family</i>" type of home installation. This gives them access to an email account, XMPP, SIP phone and the blog (depending on whether the variant which you installed includes those).
<h2id="orgd2c3eb0">What is the most secure chat app to use on mobile?</h2>
On mobile there are various options. The apps which are likely to be most secure are ones which have end-to-end encryption enabled by default and which can also be onion routed via Orbot. End-to-end encryption secures the content of the message and onion routing obscures the metadata, making it hard for a passive adversary to know who is communicating with who.
@ -670,20 +677,20 @@ The current safest way to chat is to use Conv
There are many <ahref="#org101140b">other fashionable chat apps</a> with end-to-end security, but often they are closed source, have a single central server or can't be onion routed. It's also important to remember that closed source chat apps should be assumed to be untrustworthy, since their security cannot be independently verified.
There are many <ahref="#org4778856">other fashionable chat apps</a> with end-to-end security, but often they are closed source, have a single central server or can't be onion routed. It's also important to remember that closed source chat apps should be assumed to be untrustworthy, since their security cannot be independently verified.
<h2id="org4ff1dca">Why is logging for web sites turned off by default?</h2>
If you're making profits out of the logs by running large server warehouses and then data mining what users click on - as is the business model of well known internet companies - then logging everything makes total sense. However, if you're running a home server then logging really only makes sense if you're trying to diagnose some specific problem with the system, and outside of that context logging everything becomes more of a liability than an asset.
@ -707,16 +714,16 @@ On the Freedombone system web logs containing IP addresses are turned off by def
<h2id="org353bf4c">How do I change my encryption settings?</h2>
Suppose that some new encryption vulnerability has been announced and that you need to change your encryption settings. Maybe an algorithm thought to be secure is now no longer so and you need to remove it. You can change your settings by doing the following:
<h2id="org3aaa73b">How do I get a "real" SSL/TLS/HTTPS certificate?</h2>
If you did the full install or selected the social variant then the system will have tried to obtain a Let's Encrypt certificate automatically during the install process. If this failed for any reason, or if you have created a new site which you need a certificate for then do the following:
<h2id="orgcf1094e">How do I renew a Let's Encrypt certificate?</h2>
Normally certificates will be automatically renewed once per month, so you don't need to be concerned about it. If anything goes wrong with the automatic renewal then you should receive a warning email.
@ -941,8 +948,8 @@ If you need to manually renew a certificate:
<h2id="org2629d3f">I tried to renew a Let's Encrypt certificate and it failed. What should I do?</h2>
Most likely it's because Let's Encrypt doesn't support your particular domain or subdomain. Currently free subdomains tend not to work. You'll need to buy a domain name, link it to your dynamic DNS account and then do:
<h2id="orgc9239d5">Why not use the services of $company instead? They took the Seppuku pledge</h2>
<ahref="https://cryptostorm.org/viewtopic.php?f=63&t=2954&sid=7de2d1e699cfde2f574e6a7f6ea5a173">That pledge</a> is utterly worthless. Years ago people trusted Google in the same sort of way, because they promised not be be evil and because a lot of the engineers working for them seemed like honest types who were "<i>on our side</i>". Post-<ahref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nymwars">nymwars</a> and post-<ahref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PRISM_(surveillance_program)">PRISM</a> we know exactly how much Google cared about the privacy and security of its users. But Google is only one particular example. In general don't trust pledges made by companies, even if the people running them seem really sincere.
<h2id="org6c4afca">Why does my email keep getting rejected as spam by Gmail/etc?</h2>
Welcome to the world of email. Email is really the archetypal decentralized service, developed during the early days of the internet. In principle anyone can run an email server, and that's exactly what you're doing with Freedombone. Email is very useful, but it has a big problem, and that's that the protocols are totally insecure. That made it easy for spammers to do their thing, and in response highly elaborate spam filtering and blocking systems were developed. Chances are that your emails are being blocked in this way. Sometimes the blocking is so indisciminate that entire countries are excluded. What can you do about it? Unless you control the block list at the receiving end you may not be able to do much unless you can find an email proxy server which is trusted by the receiving server.
@ -987,8 +994,8 @@ Often ISPs will run their own SMTP mail server which you can use for proxying, t
<h2id="org79ff3e1">Tor is censored/blocked in my area. What can I do?</h2>
If you can find some details for an obfs4 Tor bridge (its IP address, port number and key or nickname) then you can set up the system to use it to connect to the Tor network. Unlike relay nodes the IP addresses for bridges are not public information and so can't be easily known and added to block lists by authoritarian regimes or over-zealous ISPs.
<h2id="orgdc54d75">I want to block a particular domain from getting its content into my social network sites</h2>
If you're being pestered by some domain which contains bad/illegal/harrassing content or irritating users you can block domains at the firewall level. Go to the administrator control panel and select <i>domain blocking</i>. You can then block, unblock and view the list of blocked domains.
@ -1058,9 +1065,9 @@ Select Administrator controls then Domain blocking.
<h2id="orge434ebb">The mesh system doesn't boot from USB drive</h2>
If the system doesn't boot and reports an error which includes <b>/dev/mapper/loop0p1</b> then reboot with <b>Ctrl-Alt-Del</b> and when you see the grub menu press <b>e</b> and manually change <b>/dev/mapper/loop0p1</b> to <b>/dev/sdb1</b>, then press <b>Ctrl-x</b>. If that doesn't work then reboot and try <b>/dev/sdc1</b> instead.